This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. It is a function in which the synchronization and combination of human, physical and financial resources takes place. Some people call panel discussions symposia, but the different uses of this word can cause confusion. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. Given the organization's priorities, what decisions are truly critical? In organizing your discussion, start from the specific to general • Emphasis the new or important findings from your results, then explain the reason behind these findings. This section is often considered the most important part of a research paper because it most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based on the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem you are studying. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008; The Lab Report. For example, if the purpose of your research was to measure the impact of foreign aid on increasing access to education among the poor in Bangladesh, it would not be appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim or if analysis of other countries was not a part of your original research design. If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. The discussion about how to organize integrated communication started as the result of an increased focus on aligning the “symbols, messages, procedures and behaviours” (Christensen et al., 2008; p. 423) in organizations in order to provide the desired flexibility, but still be able to be in control of the communication process. MacCoun, Robert J. University College Writing Centre. Be certain that you clearly identify your comments as speculation or as a suggestion for where further research is needed. This is the section where you need to present the importance of your study and how it may be able to contribute to and/or fill existing gaps in the field. Relate the Findings to Similar Studies, No study in the social sciences is so novel or possesses such a restricted focus that it has absolutely no relation to previously published research. Remember that the data are the data: nothing more, nothing less. Discussing Your Findings. A few historical references may be helpful for perspective, but most of the references should be relatively recent and included to aid in the interpretation of your results or used to link to similar studies. This article gives doctoral dissertation students valuable guidance on how to go about writing their Discussion chapter. This is where you infuse your results with meaning. More often, though, they affect it only indirectly. Some instructors prefer that chairs be in a circle, others in a U-shape, while for small group discussions or debates chairs must be moved and assembled differently. Make Suggestions for Further Research. The discussion section should relate your results to those found in other studies, particularly if questions raised from prior studies served as the motivation for your research. Obviously, you must refer to your results when discussing them, but focus on the, https://library.sacredheart.edu/c.php?g=29803, Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Give a brief explanation about why you believe the findings and conclusions of your study are important and how they support broader knowledge or understanding of the research problem. Remember that the data are the data: nothing more, nothing less. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. The discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: Annesley Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674; Bitchener, John and Helen Basturkmen. Analyzing vs. Summarizing. Invite the right people. Education: Organizing the Learning Process . If a limitation is applicable to the method chosen to gather information, then describe in detail the problems you encountered and why. ... discussion discussion section active learning writing collaborative learning motivation conceptual knowledge analysis problem solving reading & composition courses participation group work reading strategies visual learning critical thinking role play and simulation Full tag list. Annual Review of Psychology 49 (February 1998): 259-287. Organize the discussion forums. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of their significance. "Biases in the Interpretation and Use of Research Results. The main trick to imposing organization is to know some options and to choose one. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Discussion. Use the same terms, academic writing style that was used throughout your research paper 3. A group that never loses is probably just too naive or nearsighted to understand what's happening. Check the course home … University of Florida; Yellin, Linda L. A Sociology Writer's Guide. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. For example, if you studied the impact of foreign aid on increasing levels of education among the poor in Bangladesh, it's generally not appropriate to speculate about how your findings might apply to populations in other countries without drawing from existing studies to support your claim. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. San Francisco Edit, 2003-2008. This is important because comparing and contrasting the findings of other studies helps to support the overall importance of your results and it highlights how and in what ways your study differs from other research about the topic. This can be followed by any recommendations for further research. For more tips on planning panel discussions… Event Manager Blog has a comprehensive list of things to consider when you plan a panel discussion. American Psychological Association, Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section, Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. Fourteen Steps to Writing to Writing an Effective Discussion Section. George Mason University; One of the most common mistakes that you can make when discussing the results of your study is to present a superficial interpretation of the findings that more or less re-states the results section of your paper. The discussion will always connect to the introduction by way of the research questions or hypotheses you posed and the literature you reviewed, but the discussion does not simply repeat or rearrange the first parts of your paper; the discussion clearly explain how your study advanced the reader's understanding of the research problem from where you left them at the end of your review of prior research. You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. Consider Alternative Explanations of the Findings. You don’t want to force the reader to go through the paper multiple times to figure out what it all means. Sometimes your professor will encourage you to expand your discussion of the results in this way, while others don’t care what your opinion is beyond your effort to interpret the data in relation to the research problem. An effective group discussion will involve all participants, so make sure to draw out everyone's opinion by encouraging quiet participants to share. Channels within a team should be thought of as topics or workstreams to aid the team in organizing their work to deliver on their joint objectives. The sequencing of providing this information is important; first state the answer, then the relevant results, then cite the work of others. University of North Carolina; Schafer, Mickey S. Writing the Discussion. Our intention here is not to recommend a “best way” of organizing the discussion space, but to raise some questions to consider when determining how to arrange your classroom. You should write a direct, declarative, and succinct proclamation of the study results. After reading the discussion section, you want the reader to think critically about the results [“why didn't I think of that?”]. 2. Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your hypothesis or prior assumptions and biases. Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. Annesley, Thomas M. “The Discussion Section: Your Closing Argument.” Clinical Chemistry 56 (November 2010): 1671-1674. Higher Achievement is a four-year high school preparatory after-school program for disadvantaged urban children of various academic levels during middle school, 5th-8th grade. If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. Describe the generalizability of your results to other situations, if applicable to the method chosen, then describe in detail problems you encountered in the method(s) you used to gather information. II. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. This is especially important when describing the discovery of significant or unanticipated findings. This would demonstrate to the reader that you have inadequately examined and interpreted the data. When writing the discussion section, you should carefully consider all possible explanations for the study results, rather than just those that fit your prior assumptions or biases. Consider the likelihood that no one has thought as long and hard about your study as you have. "Discussing Your Findings." These are the general rules you should adopt when composing your discussion of the results: The content of the discussion section of your paper most often includes: Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: The objectives of your discussion section should include the following: It is important to remember that the purpose of research is to. The article starts by outlining the main goals and writing approaches. This paragraph should begin with a description of the unexpected finding, followed by a brief interpretation as to why you believe it appeared and, if necessary, its possible significance in relation to the overall study. Explain the Meaning of the Findings and Why They are Important. If needed, use subheadings to help organize your presentation or to group your interpretations into themes. The discussion assignment provides a forum for debating topics that may not have one clear answer. Describe the patterns, principles, and relationships shown by each major findings and place them in proper perspective. Begin this part of the section by repeating what you consider to be your most important finding first. NOTE: Besides the literature review section, the preponderance of references to sources is usually found in the discussion section. Examined and interpreted the data organizing involves assigning tasks, grouping tasks into,... Verb tense, especially for established facts ; however, do so in the questions you include important first! Emerged during the organizing process, managers coordinate employees, resources, policies and. Looks like you 're using Internet Explorer 11 or older learn a bit more about what a is., policies, and Edge of course a host of interesting tangents initial. As checking for new discussion postings only once a day of North Carolina ;,! 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