He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Questions for the Historiography of his Reign". The Mughal military was controlled by the emperor of the Mughal Empire. What brought the British to India? For information about how to add references, see, Regarding the tokenistic aspect of Shah Jahan's actions to strengthen Islam in his empire, Satish Chandra says, "We may conclude that Shah Jahan tried to effect a compromise. In the early 1670s, the centre of military activity shifted from the North-east to the North- West frontier. His first wife and chief consort was Dilras Banu Begum. The third gunpowder empire, India's Mughal Empire, offers perhaps the most dramatic example of modern weaponry carrying the day. He was succeeded by his son Azam Shah who also got killed merely months after becoming the emperor. Maratha kingdom was responsible for bringing Aurangzeb to Deccan. His cruelty and discriminatory policies led the Marathas, Jats, Sikhs, and the Rajputs to rebel against him. His harsh rule, alienated the Hindus and the peasants, who lived in utter poverty. He displayed ruthless determination and excellent strategic skills during the war with his brothers. In Indian history, the syncretistic and communalist viewpoints have conventionally been represented, to take one case in point, by offering a contrast between the lives of the two emperors under whom the Mughal Empire was at its zenith, Akbar (reigned 1556-1605) and Aurangzeb (reigned 1658-1707). Built Red Fort of Agra in Delhi and city Fatehpur sikri. On 26 February 1628, Shah J… He conquered the Adil Shahis of Bijapur and Qutbshahis of Golconda, in addition to the annexation of the Ahmednagar Sultanate. Aurangzeb - 1658-1707. He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. He demolished the Christian settlements near the European factories and had the Sikh leader Guru Tegh Bahadur executed when he refused to convert to Islam. The treaty of Purandar was signed in 1665 CE by which Shivaji surrendered 23 forts to the Mughals and retained 12 forts. By doing so he proved himself as a man of merciless character. Prohibited sati and encouraged widows to … Aurangzeb, who won the war of succession, ascended the throne in 1658. Aurangzeb was born on 4 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat. He lived a long life and outlived most of his children. The area east of the Brahmaputra, commonly called Bang, was one of the three well-marked regions of the former province of Bengal (Varind, Radh, and Bang). Digital object identifier: Metcalf, Barbara D.; Metcalf, Thomas R. (2006). Infantry was largest. As the eldest surviving son of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, he was trained for succession from a young age. Akbar (AD 1556-1605) Third Mughal emperor Akbar. After capturing Shivaji, Aurangzeb destroyed a temple in Banaras that was used as a political recruiting ground against his reign. Akbar is often adduced as an … Some infantry carried shields as well. Digital object identifier: Brown, Katherine Butler (January 2014). In 1669, the Jat peasants of Bharatpur around Mathura revolted and created Bharatpur state, fomenting a fierce rebellion around the Mughal capital. This was necessary to do so for they conquered several parts of the country and were accordingly required to maintain law and order and check revolts. Following his death the Mughal Empire disintegrated rapidly and collapsed in the mid-18th century. He fathered many children including Zeb-un-Nissa, Zinat-un-Nissa, Muhammad Azam Shah, Mehr-un-Nissa, Sultan Muhammad Akbar, Muhammad Sultan, Bahadur Shah I, and Badr-un-Nissa. Aurangzeb was a very dominating, cruel, and authoritarian ruler, and his subjects were highly dissatisfied. He was a very intellectual man and encouraged discussion and debates with people from all … Aurangzeb was married several times. Brown, Katherine Butler (January 2007). "Did Aurangzeb Ban Music? "Did Aurangzeb Ban Music? The empire reached its greatest extent under him, even though temporarily; during his lifetime the extent of Mughal empire was more than 3.2 million square kilometres. After eliminating all his rivals, Aurangzeb became the Mughal Emperor and arranged for his coronation on 13 June 1659 at Red Fort, Delhi. Even if one doesn’t have the time or wherewithal to read through Jadunath Sarkar’s five- volume, definitive History of Aurangzib, the shorter India of Aurangzib or even the primary source, the authorized biography of Aurangzeb, the Masir-i-Alamgiri has ample evidences to show for his fanaticism and hatred against Hindus rooted … Aurangzeb became the next ruler after his father fell sick. 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