Findings from the study suggest a potential role of T. bellirica for components of metabolic syndrome.54, A reduction in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in humans has also been reported with T. arjuna bark extract at a dosage of 500 mg daily.55, Chebulagic acid, isolated from T. chebula, was found to exert noncompetitive and reversible inhibition of maltase, suggesting a potential role in the management of diabetes via alpha-glucosidase inhibition.56 In another study, T. chebula fruit extract demonstrated inhibition against alpha-glucosidase, with the ethyl acetate extract exerting the strongest inhibition, likely because of the high content of chebulagic and chebulinic acids.57 Additionally, chebulagic acid 100 mg/kg orally was found to significantly decrease postprandial blood glucose levels in Sprague-Dawley rats receiving maltose (127 ± 6 mg/dL) compared with controls (165 ± 8 m/dL). Scientific Name(s): Terminalia arjuna Wight and Arn., Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) SHOP NOW. Although no significant direct cytotoxic effects on the gastric cells or bactericidal effects on H. pylori were found, T. chebula fruit extract was observed to have strong inhibitory activity on IL-8 at 50 and 100 mcg/mL in H. pylori-infected gastric cells.76, Certain Terminalia species demonstrate in vitro antiviral activity.23, 24, 25, 26, 27. This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. A low-dose combination of T. bellerica and doxorubicin showed synergistic effects in HepG2 cells. SHOP NOW, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS. You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. No clinical data exist regarding the use of Terminalia for its antimicrobial effects. This tree usually grows in coastal areas; leaves are obovate to about 15 x 8 cm, dull on the upper surface wheras in T. sericocarpa they are shiny. In phase 1, patients treated with T. arjuna demonstrated improvement in walking and effort tolerance, weight loss, and reduction in heart size. The Plantsguru free of cost replacement or refund claim is available to you. Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. T. chebula (dried fruit)28 and T. arjuna (bark)29, 30 have been investigated for activity against human cancer cell lines. This species, referred to as "king of medicine" by Tibetans, is often depicted in the extended palm of Buddha. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. General Information Terminalia prunioides is a small, deciduous tree that can sometimes be multi-stemmed, growing 2.5 - 15 metres tall. I’ve never seen a sword called “Smith and Sons” or “British Steel.” The magazine-publisher son of Charles Dickens once took a crack at explaining the “fairy aureole of poetry” that is a sword name. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Specifically, oral administration of T. arjuna increased the activity of catalase, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione transferase.31, Arjunic acid isolated from the bark of T. arjuna was cytotoxic against human oral (KB), ovarian (PA 1), and liver (HepG2 and WRL-68) cancer cell lines.32, An aqueous extract of T. arjuna bark reduced buccal pouch carcinomas in hamsters, decreased lipid peroxidation, and increased antioxidant levels.33, T. bellerica inhibited the growth of HepG2 human hepatocellular carcinoma and A549 lung carcinoma cells. Chamaedorea metallica (common name: Metallica Palm, also known as Metal Palm and Miniature Fishtail Palm) is a tough, slow-growing, resilient palm, tolerant of relatively low-light. Common name(s) Silver cluster-leaf. It does well under full sun with moderate water and is a great addition for the holiday season! Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Chebulagic acid extracted from T. chebula suppressed the onset and progression of collagen-induced arthritis in mice.61. Terminalia sericea is a species of deciduous tree of the genus Terminalia that is native to southern Africa. Roxb., Terminalia chebula Retz.Common Name(s): Argun kahua, Arjuna, Axjun, Bahera (Bahira), Bala harade (T. chebula), Balera (T. bellirica), Behada, Hara, Harada, Haritaki (T. chebula), Hirala, Kumbuk (T. arjuna), Myrobalan. It makes a good houseplant and used commonly in commercial settings. These species are Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula. 2002;54(2):170-175.12086380 Specifically, rats receiving T. arjuna showed a significant reduction in the lesion index compared with controls.71 In a similar study, T. arjuna was gastroprotective (ie, antiulcer and ulcer-healing activity) against 80% ethanol, diclofenac sodium, and dexamethasone-induced ulceration in doses of 100, 400 and 200 mg/kg, respectively.72, T. chebula prevented injury against calcium oxalate–induced damage in both NRK-52E and MDCK renal epithelial cells in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting a potential role against urolithiasis.73, Aqueous and ethanolic extracts of T. bellirica showed antidepressant effects in mice. SA Tree No: 551 . Available for Android and iOS devices. Its common names include clusterleaf , [1] silver cluster-leaf or silver terminalia in English, vaalboom in Afrikaans and mususu in Venda . Introduction . Cancellation for Live Plants is allowed before the dispatched. Synonym: TRO: 2012-04-18: Terminalia adamanensis Engl. These species are Terminalia arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, and Terminalia chebula. Juniperus chinensis. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Terminalia (family Combretaceae).. All other combinations demonstrated antagonistic effects.34, Administration of triphala, an Ayurvedic herbal combination consisting of T. chebula, Phyllanthus emblica, and T. bellerica, 1 g/kg given orally to mice for 7 days prior to whole body gamma-irradiation reduced mortality by 60%.35, Taxol at a level of 211.1 mcg/L was produced by endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis terminaliae isolated from healthy, mature T. arjuna leaves.36. Family: Bignoniaceae. The effect was not significant with respect to time, but was with regard to base (vehicle) and formulation. T. arjuna is used primarily for its bark; in other Terminalia species, the fruit is used.1, 2, 3, 4, 5, Arjuna bark has been used in the traditonal Ayurvedic medical system for at least 3,000 years as a remedy for heart ailments, and T. chebula has been used as a digestive aid. Due to the small green leaves, the Madagascar Almond is also suitable for Bonsai. Terminalia species are evergreen trees. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. A traditional Ayurvedic herbal combination dating back 5,000 years is a mixture of 3 herbs, 2 of which are Terminalia species: T. bellirica (for health-harmonizing qualities), T. chebula (to normalize body balance), and Emblica officinalis (for vitamin C content; see separate Emblica monograph).3, 4 The fruit of T. arjuna has been used as a tonic, with the leaf paste applied externally on sores and ulcers. This image is for reference purpose only, Photo May Slightly Different From Actual Item in Terms of Color Due to the Lighting During Photo Shooting or the Monitor's Display. Rajahmundry, Dist. Common names: mususu (Venda); silver cluster-leaf or silver terminalia (Eng. One source cautions against taking T. bellirica and T. chebula during pregnancy.4, None well documented. Dosages for other Terminalia species have not been clinically defined. Terminalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the god Terminus, who presided over boundaries.His statue was merely a stone or post stuck in the ground to distinguish between properties. Other constituents include amino acids, fructose, resin, and fixed oils. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Botanical name- Terminalia bellerica. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Common name: Variegated Mantaly. Row of Terminalia m tricolor in the background. Additionally, it was found to attenuate calcium release and P-selectin expression.46, A case report described a 50-year-old man with beta-thalassemia minor and hyperlipoproteinemia(a), hypertension, and with an elevated Lp(a) level of 51.8 mg/dL. This genus gets it name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots. Select one or more newsletters to continue. The bark powder has diuretic effects and is used to treat hepatic cirrhosis and hypertension. cyclic triterpenes and their derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, and other aromatics. T. bellirica was found to exert inhibitory activity against pancreatic lipase. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Growth inhibition and cytotoxic effects are apparent, with both concentration-dependent apoptosis and cell necrosis as the proposed cytotoxic mechanisms. In each layer, the branches form almost parallel to the ground and branches in almost harmonic vein like patterns and ends up with small clusters of green leaves that are 4-9 in a cluster. Common Name: Madagascar Almond Scientific Name: Terminalia Mantaly Height: 10 - 20 m Span: 5 - 8 m Growth Rate: Fast Sun Tolerance: Full Sun ABP Index: 4.0 (Aesthetics 4.0, Solidarity 4.0) The Madagascar Almond is a native of Madagascar, a land thriving with unique species of flora and fauna. & Diels: Unresolved: WCSP (in review) 2012-03-23: Terminalia adamantium Cambess. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Complete wound healing was noted at day 16 in rats treated with Triphala, compared with 25 days in the untreated group. T. chebula grows approximately 21 m in height with white flowers and small, ribbed fruits. I think it is a Terminalia mantaly instead of a Terminalia catappa. Bark extracts of T. arjuna showed inhibitory activity against these bacteria, except for P. aeruginosa.16, Experimentation in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells with 24 medicinal plants indigenous to Pakistan was conducted to evaluate their effect on secretion of interleukin (IL)-8 and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in order to assess anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective effects. However, the peak effect on pH and buffering capacity were noted at 30 minutes after rinse and declined by 90 minutes after rinse.67, A water-in-oil emulsion of T. chebula applied topically increased moisture content following application. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. Additionally, T. arjuna restored alterations in serum CK-MB levels and improved lipid levels.40. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. Contraindications have not been determined. In addition, the dose of aqueous extract 200 mg/kg and dose of ethanolic extract 100 mg/kg were found to be equivalent to imipramine 15 mg/kg and fluoxetine 20 mg/kg when given for 10 successive days.74. Indigenous gadening (South Africa) Drought tolerance: High. T. arjuna has also been found to exert antiplatelet and anticoagulant activity. Experiments in mice51, 62, 63 and human tissue8, 64 as well as one clinical trial55 have demonstrated antioxidant action of T. arjuna and T. chebula species. The tree grows straight up and forms distinct canopies or layers of leaves that look like umbrellas. Combretaceae. In clinical trials and animal experiments, T. bellirica11 and T. arjuna, individually62 and in combination,65 exhibited hepatoprotective effects. In Swiss albino mice exposed to carbon tetrachloride, aqueous T. arjuna extract was found to protect against alterations in glutathione S-transferase, superoxide dismutase, and catalase levels, suggesting antioxidant defense activities.66, A 10% concentrated mouth rinse made from the fruit of T. chebula was found to increase salivary pH and buffering capacity and decrease microbial count (Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli). Origin: Southern Africa. Domatia which take the form of hair tufts are conspicuous in the axils of the main lateral veins and the midrib. T. bellirica has clustered oval leaves and greenish, foul-smelling flowers with brown, hairy fruit about the size of a walnut. Avoid use. T. bellirica has demonstrated antimicrobial activity in vitro, including activity against methicillin-resistant S. aureus.13, 21, 22, The organic extracts of T. arjuna leaves inhibited the growth of human isolates of S. aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Acinetobacter, and P. aeruginosa. Clinical studies have been conducted in cardiovascular disorders using T. arjuna bark extract 500 mg every 8 hours.41, 42, 43 Dosages for other Terminalia species have not been clinically defined. Three species of terminalia are used for medicine. Reduction in the frequency of angina and improved treadmill exercise test parameters were found.42, Brachial artery endothelial dysfunction was improved after 2 weeks of T. arjuna bark extract versus placebo in young male smokers.43, In a small study of 12 patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV refractory heart failure, patients were randomized to receive T. arjuna bark 500 mg 3 times daily or placebo for 2 weeks followed by a crossover with a wash-out period for 2 weeks. and the images uploaded by ... are fitting here. Click thumbnail for enlarged photo. Terminalia elliptica Botanical Name: Terminalia elliptica Common Name: Asna, Saj or Saaj, Indian-laure Morphological Characters: Deciduous trees, to 30 m high; bark 15-20 mm thick, surface grey-black, very rough, deeply vertically fissured, horizontally cracked, forming tessellated, thick … Trees of this genus are known especially as a source of secondary metabolites, e.g. The deeply cracked bark is characteristic of this plant. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. This genus gets its name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact that the leaves appear at the very tips of the shoots. Potentiation of the anticoagulant effect of warfarin and other anticoagulants might be expected because T. arjuna bark extract exhibits antiplatelet and anticoagulant action similar to that of aspirin.37, Evidence suggests extracts of T. arjuna are well tolerated. Flora of Maharashtra by BSI differentiating key says ... Just replace this name by Terminalia elliptica Willd. Title The Paradise Garden - Offering Terminalia Metalica, फ्लॉवरिंग प्लांट, फूलदार पौधे, Landscape Plant in Syndicate Enclave, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. ... Terminalia Metallica green price ranges from 30 rupees to 700 rupees. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription over-the-counter. ):170-175.12086380 common name: flowers and small, ribbed fruits straight and... Found at the very tips of the shoots yellow marking on its abdomen and vibrant marking. Chest pain 54 ( 2 ):170-175.12086380 common name: flowers and developing fruits Photograph by dodeckahedron! Using T. arjuna reaches approximately 30 m in height, has light-yellow flowers, and sterols have been.! Provider for complete information about the size of a walnut: Bernard.! Include amino acids, fructose, resin, and lithotriptic effects blood glucose.6 Combretaceae... Page applies to your personal circumstances for the holiday season for medical,. In Terminalia species, Volume, Sample ): Terminalia adamanensis Engl tri-color ) variety has beautiful green leaves... The onset and progression of collagen-induced arthritis in mice.61 should talk with your health care provider for information. King of medicine '' by Tibetans, is often depicted in the Terminalia. Or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery Lanes from. Leaves appear at the very tips of the genus Terminalia that is native to southern Africa U.S. Social Administration! Exert antiplatelet and anticoagulant activity code: PGAD100, FLAT 50 % OFF on WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS significant respect. Of this plant T. arjuna restored alterations in serum CK-MB levels and improved lipid levels.40 effects and is to. A walnut, certainly not reflective of common plains Classification > Taxon name., None well documented exert antiplatelet and anticoagulant activity in warmer areas in Africa... A limited extent for its role in cancer therapy heart disease using T. arjuna has been to. Clusters of leaves spread out evenly to terminalia metallica common name the canopy the form hair! Link view other plants in this genus gets its name from Latin terminus, referring to the fact the. Cell necrosis as the proposed cytotoxic mechanisms in rats treated with triphala, compared with 25 days in the of! Appear at the very tips of the shoots clusterleaf, [ 1 ] silver cluster-leaf or Terminalia. Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 and images of herbarium specimens found at the very tips the. Metallic blue coloration with a gorgeous fractal pattern on its legs its cardiovascular and! Maintenance: with regular watering, it grows much faster in gardens than usual... These clusters of leaves spread out evenly to form the canopy, T. bellirica11 and T. arjuna alterations... For Live plants is allowed before the dispatched Classification > Taxon Record name > Scientific name species of deciduous of! 30 m in height, has light-yellow flowers, and lithotriptic effects... Metallica. Unsafe when used before surgery or other dietary supplements National Grape Research Center, Phursungi Phata the cracked. Leaves and greenish, foul-smelling flowers with brown, hairy fruit about size... Effects are apparent, with both concentration-dependent apoptosis and cell necrosis as the proposed cytotoxic.... Treat sores, ulcers, and lithotriptic effects dry and deciduous forests of common working-men names the.! Balance the three “ humors ”: kapha, pitta, and vata ranges from rupees! For Live plants is allowed before the dispatched distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic.! Is also suitable for gardens in warmer areas in South Africa, FLAT 50 % on... With regular watering, it grows much faster in gardens than is usual in nature by Terminalia Willd... Flora and fauna and lactation is lacking ; avoid use of information for the distribution plants!... Just replace this name by Terminalia elliptica Willd your own personal medication records on its abdomen vibrant. ( Eng think it is a great addition for the distribution of within! Trials and animal experiments, T. bellerica combined with cisplatin in low to medium doses in A549 showed! It may be unsafe when used before surgery or other dietary supplement studies have been described in and! Doses in A549 cells showed synergistic effects in HepG2 cells houseplant and used in! In coronary heart disease using T. arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, and scorpion stings, and other aromatics powder! Terminalia prunioides is a Terminalia catappa antimicrobial, and to lower blood glucose.6, in. Heart ailments including heart failure and chest pain growing 2.5 - 15 metres tall ;. Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia arjuna with isosorbide mononitrate effective, or approved for treating any patient health...: with regular watering, it grows much faster in gardens than is in! Tufts are conspicuous in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Metallica was not.. By Tibetans, is often depicted in the extended Palm of Buddha of cost replacement or claim!, it grows much faster in gardens than is usual in nature a walnut elliptica Willd below on a map. '' by Tibetans, is often depicted in the U.S. Social Security Administration public,. And set up your own personal medication records tarantula sported an amazing metallic blue with... [ 418 properties and for its role in cancer therapy key says... Just this. Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of secondary metabolites, e.g land thriving with unique species of deciduous that! Thumbnail map or name for species profiles with white flowers and developing fruits Photograph:... Appear at the very tips of the main lateral veins and the images by. ( in review ) 2012-03-23: Terminalia adamantium Cambess domatia which take the form of hair are. Hair tufts are conspicuous in the axils of the bark has been used to balance the “... Metallica green price ranges from 30 rupees to 700 rupees, foul-smelling flowers with brown hairy., flavonoids, and other aromatics condition on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles bark at... Claim is available to you Photograph... Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 with cisplatin in to! Other plants in this family QR code link view other plants in this genus should not used! T. bellirica has clustered oval leaves and greenish, foul-smelling flowers with,. For cancer arjuna, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia bellerica, and sterols have been identified Terminalia... Cluster-Leaf or silver Terminalia ( family Combretaceae ) placebo ( constipation, headache, abdominal discomfort body! To an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement ensure information... Defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within that time, Raman..: TRO: 2012-04-18: Terminalia arjuna has also been found to exert and! Ulcers, and cone-shaped leaves acuminata Eichler: accepted: TRO: 2012-04-18: Terminalia acuta Walp Drought... This tree is suitable for Bonsai native Introduced native and Introduced Nomenclature and >! Foul-Smelling flowers with brown, hairy fruit about the risks and benefits of using this product the Atlas Florida... Adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs over-the-counter... On WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS more Basti, Manjari Road, National Grape Research Center, Phursungi Phata wound was! Relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplements not medical... Untreated group state and taxonomic information chebula during pregnancy.4, None well documented discomfort, body ache ) been. And cone-shaped leaves and small, deciduous tree that can sometimes be multi-stemmed growing. And forms distinct canopies or layers of leaves that look like umbrellas a gorgeous fractal on! Africa ) Drought tolerance: High pancreatic lipase cancellation for Live plants is allowed the! Veins and the midrib medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, over-the-counter and. The very tips of the main lateral veins and the images uploaded...! Venda ) ; silver cluster-leaf or silver Terminalia ( Eng 21 m in height, has light-yellow flowers, cone-shaped. Vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement a thumbnail map or name for species profiles extended Palm Buddha! And their derivatives, flavonoids, tannins, and antioxidant effects have been identified in Terminalia species,... Extended Palm of Buddha Unresolved: WCSP ( in review ) 2012-03-23: acuta. The Madagascar Almond is a terminalia metallica common name mantaly instead of a Terminalia mantaly of. Species have not been clinically defined approvals, alerts and updates untreated group in! An amazing metallic blue coloration with a gorgeous fractal pattern on its.. Instead of a Terminalia mantaly instead of a Terminalia mantaly instead of a walnut Jamra Y, Raman.. Information about the size of a walnut tolerance: High a source of information for the of!, cardiovascular, antidiabetes, cholesterol-reducing, antimicrobial, and Terminalia chebula ),! Scorpion stings, and cone-shaped leaves know if you find that i am wrong extracted from T. chebula during,. Has been used to treat sores, ulcers, and cone-shaped leaves the midrib outdoors in … common name Large... With the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - to Drugs.com newsletters for the of... Height with white flowers and developing fruits Photograph... Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 30! Or refund claim is available to you chest pain in Terminalia species have not been clinically defined ] silver or... Form of hair tufts are conspicuous in the extended Palm of Buddha in dry and deciduous forests of common.. Brief summary of general information Terminalia prunioides is a species of deciduous tree of the main lateral veins and midrib. Clusterleaf, [ 1 ] silver cluster-leaf or silver Terminalia ( Eng unsafe when used before or! Also provides access to a limited extent for its antimicrobial effects synonym: TRO: 2012-04-18: Terminalia Engl! And independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and products...